Literary inits.

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Possible Answers: TSE, RLS, GBS, EAP, ERB, RLLS.

Random information on the term “TSE”:

The Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) is a school within Toulouse 1 University Capitole. In 2007, the French government and the Academy of Sciences chose TSE as one of 13 “Réseaux Thématiques de Recherche Avancée” (RTRA) across all fields, enabling the creation of a private foundation, the Jean-Jacques Laffont Foundation, which serves to foster world class research in economics and related social sciences at TSE.

In 2011, the Toulouse School of Economics was established as the department of economics within the University of Toulouse network. Its research department is also affiliated with the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences and the École Polytechnique

According to REPEC, in March 2014 it was ranked as the 11th most productive research department of economics in the world, and the 3rd in Europe. Other rankings place TSE as one of the leading schools of economics in the world, all of them placing the School among the top 3 in Europe.

The chairman Professor Jean Tirole was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics Sciences in 2014 for his analysis of market power and regulation.

TSE on Wikipedia

Random information on the term “RLS”:

The Recursive least squares (RLS) is an adaptive filter which recursively finds the coefficients that minimize a weighted linear least squares cost function relating to the input signals. This is in contrast to other algorithms such as the least mean squares (LMS) that aim to reduce the mean square error. In the derivation of the RLS, the input signals are considered deterministic, while for the LMS and similar algorithm they are considered stochastic. Compared to most of its competitors, the RLS exhibits extremely fast convergence. However, this benefit comes at the cost of high computational complexity.

RLS was discovered by Gauss but laid unused or ignored until 1950 when Plackett rediscovered the original work of Gauss from 1821. In general, the RLS can be used to solve any problem that can be solved by adaptive filters. For example, suppose that a signal d(n) is transmitted over an echoey, noisy channel that causes it to be received as

where

v
(
n
)

{\displaystyle v(n)}

represents additive noise. We will attempt to recover the desired signal

d
(
n
)

{\displaystyle d(n)}

by use of a

p
+
1

{\displaystyle p+1}

-tap FIR filter,

w

{\displaystyle \mathbf {w} }

:

RLS on Wikipedia

Random information on the term “GBS”:

Gay bowel syndrome was a medical term first used by Henry L Kazal and colleagues in 1976 to describe the various sexually transmitted perianal and rectal diseases and sexual traumas seen in Kazal’s proctology practice, which had many gay patients.

After Kazal, the term was used sporadically in medical literature from the 1970s to refer to a complex of gastrointestinal symptoms affecting gay men. The term was first used in the pre-HIV era, by Kazal et al. in 1976. The term was not specific to any particular disease or infection, and was used clinically to describe proctitis and a variety of other complaints caused by a wide range of infectious organisms. Reported causes include herpes viruses, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, campylobacter, and shigellosis, as well as a variety of protozoal infections. The concept of “gay bowel syndrome” was later expanded to include various opportunistic cancers. Transmission of disease was considered to take place by two routes: anal sex, and fecal-oral route. Sometimes, difficulty in specifying the method may be a result of transmission by both methods. Following the onset of the AIDS epidemic, the reported incidence of these complaints has declined, likely as a result of safer sexual practices. Those with the ano-rectal disorder experience increased incidents of diarrhea.

GBS on Wikipedia

Random information on the term “EAP”:

In the United States Government, the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (EAP, originally the Office of Chinese Affairs) is part of the United States Department of State and is charged with advising the Secretary of State and Under Secretary for Political Affairs on matters of the Asia-Pacific region, as well as dealing with U.S. foreign policy and U.S. relations with countries in that area. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, who reports to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.

The offices of the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs direct, coordinate, and supervise U.S. government activities within the region, including political, economic, consular, public diplomacy, and administrative management issues.

EAP on Wikipedia

Random information on the term “ERB”:

Educational Records Bureau (ERB) is the only not-for-profit educational services organization offering assessments for both admission and achievement for independent and selective public schools for Pre K-grade 12.

Founded in 1927, ERB’s mission is to create testing and learning solutions that help schools develop improved curriculum, teaching, and learning through diagnosis of assessment results that address essential learning standards.

ERB is headquartered in New York City and has over 2000 independent school and public school members globally.

Membership is available to public and private schools (see www.erblearn.org for information about becoming a member).

The organization is governed by a board of trustees who are ultimately responsible for the organization. Members in 2011 were:

Dr. David Magill, Director, University of Chicago Laboratory Schools

Marlene Shaw, Head of School, St. Mary’s Episcopal School

Dr. Daniel E. Waters, Superintendent, Tredyffrin-Easttown School District

ERB on Wikipedia

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