This time we are looking on the crossword clue for: Wharf.
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Possible Answers: PIER, QUAY, DOCK, JETTY, MOORAGE.
Random information on the term “PIER”:
A pier, in architecture, is an upright support for a structure or superstructure such as an arch or bridge. Sections of structural walls between openings (bays) can function as piers.
The simplest cross section of the pier is square, or rectangular, but other shapes are also common. In medieval architecture, massive circular supports called drum piers, cruciform (cross-shaped) piers, and compound piers are common architectural elements.
Columns are a similar upright support, but stand on a round base. In buildings with sequence of bays between piers, each opening (window or door) between two piers is considered a single bay.
Single-span bridges have abutments at each end that support the weight of the bridge and serve as retaining walls to resist lateral movement of the earthen fill of the bridge approach. Multi-span bridges require piers to support the ends of spans between these abutments. In cold climates the upstream edge of a pier may include a starkwater to prevent accumulation of broken ice during peak snowmelt flows. The starkwater has a sharpened upstream edge sometimes called a cutwater. The cutwater edge may be of concrete or masonry, but is often capped with a steel angle to resist abrasion and focus force at a single point to fracture floating pieces of ice striking the pier. In cold climates the starling is typically sloped at an angle of about 45° so current pushing against the ice tends to lift the downstream edge of the ice translating horizontal force of the current to vertical force against a thinner cross-section of ice until unsupported weight of ice fractures the piece of ice allowing it to pass on either side of the pier.
Random information on the term “DOCK”:
AutoDock is a molecular modeling simulation software. It is especially effective for protein-ligand docking. AutoDock 4 is available under the GNU General Public License. AutoDock Vina is available under the Apache license.
AutoDock is one of the most cited docking software in the research community. It is a base for the [email protected] project run by World Community Grid. In February 2007, a search of the ISI Citation Index showed more than 1100 publications have been cited using the primary AutoDock method papers. As of 2009, this number surpassed 1200.
AutoDock is currently maintained by The Scripps Research Institute and Olson Laboratory.
AutoDock consists of two main programs:
AutoDock has an improved version, AutoDock Vina which has an improved local search routine and makes use of multicore/multi-CPU computer setups.
Usage of AutoDock has contributed to the discovery of several drugs, including HIV1 integrase inhibitors.
As an open source project, AutoDock has gained several third-party improved versions such as: